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Orchitis Epididymitis


Pain on scrotum; swelling on a single side of the scrotum in general; a heaviness sense on the scrotum. Orchitis is inflammation of the testicles and epididymitis is inflammation of the epididymis. Generally, both appears together. The most common cause for orchitis is a possible mumps. However, it may depend on infections of the prostate or epididymis as well. Orchitis may be among side effects of many rare diseases.



Orchitis appears with bacterial infections and is treated with antibiotics and analgesics for 1 to 2 weeks. However, when it is together with viral (caused by viruses) infections such as mumps, traditional ways such as bedrest only and taking analgesic drugs are followed.


Infections are the most important causes.

The virus may settle into the testicle via bloodstream in 20% of the children who had mumps.

Bacterial Infection: Urinary infection may come to the testicle and settle there in some cases via vas deference.

Prostatic and urethral infections may also settle into the testicle via vas deference path. The most common causes are Chlamdia and Gonorrhea infections which are sexually transmitted.

When sufficient antibiotherapy is not applied after prostate and urethra operations, microorganisms may also settle into the testicle.

Some germs within the body such as tuberculosis may come to the testicle and settle there via bloodstream even rare.

The treatment should be performed according to the cause. If it is viral origin; bedrest and analgesic agents should be done; and if the cause is bacteria, antibiotic and abovementioned recommendations should be applied. In a tuberculosis dependent infection, phthisis specific treatments should be used.